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제목 ajaxcall - How can I make an AJAX call without jQuery?
글쓴이 darkninja 작성시각 2023/06/17 23:45:03
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How can I make an AJAX call without jQuery?

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/8567114/how-can-i-make-an-ajax-call-without-jquery

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Status

https://github.com/codeigniter4/CodeIgniter4/blob/develop/system/HTTP/Response.php

실무에 바로 적용하기에는 모자람이 있습니다

충분히 검토하고 보완해서 사용하세요!

index.php


<!doctype html>
<html>

<head>
	<meta charset="utf-8">
	<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
	<title>Ajaxcall</title>
	<style type="text/css" media="screen">
	</style>
</head>

<body>
	<div style="border: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 10px;">
		ajax_formdata
		<div id="ajax_formdata"></div>
	</div><br/>	

	<div style="border: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 10px;">
		ajax_info
		<div id="ajax_info"></div>
	</div><br/>		

	<div style="border: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 10px;">
		ajax_result
		<div id="ajax_result"></div>
	</div>	

	<script type="text/javascript" src="ajax.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript">
		var ajax_formdata = document.getElementById("ajax_formdata");
		var ajax_info = document.getElementById("ajax_info");
		var ajax_result = document.getElementById("ajax_result");
		
        var formData = {
			id          : '_id',
			subject     : '_subject',
			contents    : '_contents',
			time        : '_time'
        };
		
		ajax_formdata.innerText = "obj_param: "+obj_param(formData);
		//ajax_formdata.innerText = "obj_param: "+JSON.stringify(formData);

		function loadtext() {
			Ajaxcall({
				url: "get.php",
				type: "POST",
				data: formData,
				//contentType: "json",
				async: true, //synchronous request. Default value is true 
				timeout: 10000, //default timeout 20000
				beforeSend: function() {
					ajax_info.innerText = "loading...";
				},
				dataType: 'text',
				success: function(result, status) {
					if (status == "success") {
						if (result) {
							ajax_info.innerText = "success...";
							ajax_result.innerText = result;
						}	
						else {
							ajax_info.innerText = "resule none...";
							ajax_result.innerText = "";
						}	
					}
					else {
						ajax_info.innerText = "timeout...";
						ajax_result.innerText = "";
					}	
				},
				error: function(status, statusText) {
					alert("error code: " + status + "\n" + "error message: " + statusText);
				}
			});
		}	
		loadtext();
	</script>
</body>

</html>

get.php


<?php

$data = file_get_contents("php://input");
echo "file_get_contents('php://input')"."\n";
echo $data."\n";

if (isset($_GET) && count($_GET) > 0) {
	parse_str($data, $input); 

	echo "\n";
	echo "parse_str data to input"."\n";
	print_r($input);
	echo "\n";

	echo "_GET"."\n";
	print_r($_GET);

	echo "id => ".$_GET["id"];
}
else if (isset($_POST) && count($_POST) > 0) {
	parse_str($data, $input); 

	echo "\n";
	echo "parse_str data to input"."\n";
	print_r($input);
	echo "\n";

	echo "\n";
	echo "_POST"."\n";
	print_r($_POST);

	echo "id => ".$_POST["id"];
}
else {
	//contentType: "json"
	$param = json_decode($data, false);
	echo "\n";
	echo "json"."\n";
	echo "id => ".$param->id."\n";
	echo "subject => ".$param->subject."\n";
	echo "contents => ".$param->contents."\n";
}	

?>

ajaxcall.js


//https://stackoverflow.com/questions/8567114/how-can-i-make-an-ajax-call-without-jquery
//https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Status
//https://github.com/codeigniter4/CodeIgniter4/blob/develop/system/HTTP/Response.php

var ajax_load_process = false;

var xhr_statusCodes = {
    // 1xx: Informational
    100 : 'Continue',
    101 : 'Switching Protocols',
    102 : 'Processing', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc2518
    103 : 'Early Hints', // http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc8297.txt
    // 2xx: Success
    200 : 'OK',
    201 : 'Created',
    202 : 'Accepted',
    203 : 'Non-Authoritative Information', // 1.1
    204 : 'No Content',
    205 : 'Reset Content',
    206 : 'Partial Content',
    207 : 'Multi-Status', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc4918
    208 : 'Already Reported', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc5842
    226 : 'IM Used', // 1.1; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3229.txt
    // 3xx: Redirection
    300 : 'Multiple Choices',
    301 : 'Moved Permanently',
    302 : 'Found', // Formerly 'Moved Temporarily'
    303 : 'See Other', // 1.1
    304 : 'Not Modified',
    305 : 'Use Proxy', // 1.1
    306 : 'Switch Proxy', // No longer used
    307 : 'Temporary Redirect', // 1.1
    308 : 'Permanent Redirect', // 1.1; Experimental; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc7238.txt
    // 4xx: Client error
    400 : 'Bad Request',
    401 : 'Unauthorized',
    402 : 'Payment Required',
    403 : 'Forbidden',
    404 : 'Not Found',
    405 : 'Method Not Allowed',
    406 : 'Not Acceptable',
    407 : 'Proxy Authentication Required',
    408 : 'Request Timeout',
    409 : 'Conflict',
    410 : 'Gone',
    411 : 'Length Required',
    412 : 'Precondition Failed',
    413 : 'Content Too Large', // https://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes/http-status-codes.xml
    414 : 'URI Too Long', // https://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes/http-status-codes.xml
    415 : 'Unsupported Media Type',
    416 : 'Requested Range Not Satisfiable',
    417 : 'Expectation Failed',
    418 : "I'm a teapot", // April's Fools joke; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2324.txt
    // 419 (Authentication Timeout) is a non-standard status code with unknown origin
    421 : 'Misdirected Request', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc7540 Section 9.1.2
    422 : 'Unprocessable Content', // https://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes/http-status-codes.xml
    423 : 'Locked', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc4918
    424 : 'Failed Dependency', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc4918
    425 : 'Too Early', // https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-ietf-httpbis-replay/
    426 : 'Upgrade Required',
    428 : 'Precondition Required', // 1.1; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6585.txt
    429 : 'Too Many Requests', // 1.1; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6585.txt
    431 : 'Request Header Fields Too Large', // 1.1; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6585.txt
    451 : 'Unavailable For Legal Reasons', // http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7725
    499 : 'Client Closed Request', // http://lxr.nginx.org/source/src/http/ngx_http_request.h#0133
    // 5xx: Server error
    500 : 'Internal Server Error',
    501 : 'Not Implemented',
    502 : 'Bad Gateway',
    503 : 'Service Unavailable',
    504 : 'Gateway Timeout',
    505 : 'HTTP Version Not Supported',
    506 : 'Variant Also Negotiates', // 1.1; http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2295.txt
    507 : 'Insufficient Storage', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc4918
    508 : 'Loop Detected', // http://www.iana.org/go/rfc5842
    510 : 'Not Extended', // http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2774.txt
    511 : 'Network Authentication Required', // http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6585.txt
    599 : 'Network Connect Timeout Error' // https://httpstatuses.com/599
}

function obj_param(obj) {
	var parts = [];
	for (var key in obj) {
		if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
			parts.push(encodeURIComponent(key) + '=' + encodeURIComponent(obj[key]));
		}
	}
	return parts.join('&');
}

//create an XMLHttpRequest object
function GetXMLHttpRequest() {   
	var xhr = false;
    if (typeof XMLHttpRequest !== 'undefined') {
		xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
		if (xhr.overrideMimeType) {
			xhr.overrideMimeType('text/xml');
		}
	} 
	else if (window.ActiveXObject) {
		//var versions = [ "MSXML2.XmlHttp.6.0", "MSXML2.XmlHttp.5.0", "MSXML2.XmlHttp.4.0", "MSXML2.XmlHttp.3.0", "MSXML2.XmlHttp.2.0", "Microsoft.XmlHttp" ];
		//for (var i = 0; i < versions.length; i++) {
		//	try { xhr = new ActiveXObject(versions[i]); break; } catch (e) {}
		//}
		try { xhr = new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP"); } catch(e) {
			try { xhr = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");	} catch(e) {}
		}
	}
	if (!xhr) { return 0; }
	return xhr;
}

function Ajaxcall(param, response) 
{
	if (ajax_load_process == true) {
		return;
	}
	if (param.async == undefined) {
		param.async = true;
	}
	if (param.async == false) {
		ajax_load_process = true;
	}
	if (param.beforeSend != undefined) {
		param.beforeSend();
	};

	var xhr = GetXMLHttpRequest();
	if (!xhr) { return 0; }

	if (param.timeout != undefined) {
		xhr.timeout = param.timeout;
	}
	else {
		xhr.timeout = 20000;
	}

	if (param.type != "GET") {
		xhr.open(param.type, param.url, param.async);

		if (param.processData != undefined && param.processData == false && param.contentType != undefined && param.contentType == false) {
		}
		else if (param.contentType != undefined && param.contentType == "json") {
			xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/json; charset=utf-8");
		}
		else if (param.contentType != undefined || param.contentType == true) {
			xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-type', param.contentType);
		}
		else {
			xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");			
		}
	}
	else {
		if (param.data) {
			xhr.open(param.type, param.url + "?" + obj_param(param.data), param.async);
		}
		else {
			xhr.open(param.type, param.url, param.async);
		}	
	}

	xhr.onprogress = function(loadTime) {
		if (param.progress != undefined) {
			param.progress({ loaded: loadTime.loaded }, "success");
		}
	}

	xhr.ontimeout = function () {
		this.abort(response);
		param.success("timeout", "timeout");
		ajax_load_process = false;
	};

	xhr.onerror = function() {
		if (param.error != undefined) {
			param.error(xhr, xhr_statusCodes[xhr.status], xhr.statusText);
		}	
		ajax_load_process = false;
	};
	
    xhr.onreadystatechange = function() {
		if(xhr.readyState == 0) { //UNSENT  Client has been created. open() not called yet.
		}
		else if(xhr.readyState == 1) { //OPENED  open() has been called.
		}
		else if(xhr.readyState == 2) { //HEADERS_RECEIVED  send() has been called, and headers and status are available.
		}
		else if(xhr.readyState == 3) { //LOADING  Downloading; responseText holds partial data.
		}
		else if (xhr.readyState == 4) { //DONE  The operation is complete.
			if (xhr.status == 200) { //request succesfull
			}
			else { //request failled
			}
		}
	}

	xhr.onload = function() {
		if (xhr.status == 200) {
			var data;
			if (param.dataType != undefined) {
				if (param.dataType == "document") {
					data = xhr.responseXML;
				}	
				else if (param.dataType == "json") {
					try { data = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText); } catch (err) { data = null; }
				} 
				else if (param.dataType == "stringify") {
					data = JSON.stringify(xhr.responseText);
				}
				else if (param.dataType == "text") {
					data = xhr.responseText;
				}	
				else { //"arraybuffer", "blob", "html"
					data = xhr.response;
				}	
			}	
			else {
				data = xhr.responseText;
			}
			param.success(data, "success");
		}
		else {
			if (param.error != undefined) {
				param.error(xhr, xhr_statusCodes[xhr.status], xhr.statusText);
			}	
		}
		ajax_load_process = false;
	};
		
	if (param.data != null || param.data != undefined) {
		if (param.processData != undefined && param.processData == false && param.contentType != undefined && param.contentType == false) {
			xhr.send(param.data);
		}
		else if (param.contentType != undefined && param.contentType == "json") {
			xhr.send(JSON.stringify(param.data));
		}
		else {
			xhr.send(obj_param(param.data));
		}
	}
	else {
		xhr.send();
	}
		
	this.abort = function(response) {
		if (XMLHttpRequest != null) {
			xhr.abort();
			ajax_load_process = false;
			if (response != undefined) {
				response({ status: "success" });
			}
		}
	}

}

/**********
	function loadsatimg() {
		var satimg = document.getElementById("satimg");
		Ajaxcall({
			url: "<?php echo site_url(); ?>/home/satimg",
			type: "GET",
			data: null,
			contentType: null,
			dataType: 'json',
			async: true,//synchronous request. Default value is true 
			timeout: 10000,//default timeout 20000
			beforeSend:function(){
				satimg.src = "<?php echo base_url(); ?>images/ajax-loading.gif";
				satimg.width = "150";
				satimg.height = "150"
			},
			success:function(result, status){
				if (result) {
					//alert(result['imgsrc']);
					satimg.src = result['imgsrc'];
					satimg.title = result['title'];
				}	
				else
					satimg.src = "<?php echo base_url(); ?>images/no-image.gif";
			},
			error:function(xhr,statusCodes,statusText){
				alert("status:"+xhr.status+"\n"+"statusCodes:"+statusCodes+"\n"+"statusText:"+statusText+"\n"+"responseText:"+xhr.responseText);
			}
		});
	}	

	//for abort previous requests
    my_ajaxCall.abort(function(result) { console.log(result); });
*/

 

 

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